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E-Scooter Knowledge

Maximizing Electric Scooter Performance: Understanding the Key Factors That Affect Speed

5TH WHEEL Official: Feb 14, 2023

Electric scooters have become an increasingly popular mode of transportation in many cities around the world. They are a convenient, eco-friendly, and affordable way to get around town. However, one common question that people have is how electric scooters are able to achieve their top speeds.


Under the regulations of the law, the maximum speed of the general electric scooter is fixed. The product attributes of electric scooter are more in the road section between 0-5 kilometers. We want to dig deeper into the principle of the speed of the electric scooter, and what really affects the speed.


The speed of an electric scooter is influenced by a variety of factors, including the drive system, weight, tire design, shock absorption system, and dynamic balance. Let's take a closer look at each of these factors.

Drive System(Motor, electronic control, and battery

The core of the electric scooter is the drive system, which includes the motor, electronic control, and battery. These components work together to provide the necessary power to move the scooter forward. The motor is responsible for converting electrical energy into mechanical energy, while the electronic control regulates the power output to the motor. The battery supplies the energy that is needed to power the motor and electronic control. The underlying algorithm of the controller controls the current to the motor, which allows it to rotate and provide the required torque and speed at the highest speed.


The power of the motor, the free flow of power by the electronic control, and the voltage provided by the battery (including battery capacity and battery life) all play a role in determining the speed of the scooter. However, the electronic control system also serves an important function in terms of limiting the speed of the scooter to comply with legal requirements. In theory, if the current limiter is removed, a 350w36v electric scooter can reach a speed of up to 32km/h, but the battery may die real quick. In addition, removing a current-limiting battery will cause the motor battery to heat up, leading to a large loss and short lifespan, as well as the risk of short circuit. The 5th wheel is expected to have an OTA (Over-The-Air) function in the future, which is an application layer code that will optimize the speed and battery capacity.


Weight is another important factor that affects the speed of the electric scooter. As with any vehicle, the lighter the weight, the faster the acceleration will be. Conversely, if the scooter is too heavy, it will not be able to achieve its maximum speed. However, if the route is flat and does not involve uphill or downhill segments, the weight of the scooter may be less of a concern, as the motor is the primary source of power. On the other hand, if you plan to ride your scooter over longer distances, you may notice the impact of your weight more directly.


The design of the tire is also a key factor in determining the speed of the electric scooter. The contact surface between the tire and the road surface plays a crucial role in determining the amount of frictional resistance that the scooter experiences. Generally, scooters with smaller tires and thinner treads will have a smaller contact surface, resulting in lower frictional resistance and higher speeds.

Shock absorption system

Shock absorption system is another factor that can affect the speed of the scooter. The front and rear inertia of the scooter may cause it to shake up and down, leading to a small amount of power loss. While the effect of the shock absorption system on the speed of the scooter may be negligible, it can still be helpful to pay attention to weight even on routes without inclines, as lighter weight can lead to faster acceleration and improved overall performance. Additionally, for those who plan to ride longer distances, the impact of weight on speed and battery life may become more noticeable.

Dynamic balance

Dynamic balance is an important factor in electric scooter speed and performance. The structural conditions of the entire vehicle, such as poor product adjustment or the resonance generated by the vehicle when riding, can affect its balance and overall performance. For example, a front-wheel-drive scooter will require less effort to start when the rider stands a little farther away from the motor, while a rear-drive scooter will benefit from a rider standing at the back to provide extra force to the motor. However, front-wheel-drive scooters may be more prone to slipping, and each drive type has its own set of advantages and disadvantages that should be considered. Proper adjustment and maintenance can help to optimize the dynamic balance of the electric scooter and improve its overall performance.


In summary, the speed of an electric scooter is affected by various factors, including its drive system (motor, electronic control, and battery), weight, tire style and inflation, Suspension system, and dynamic balance. While the drive system is the core of the electric scooter and has the greatest impact on speed, paying attention to other factors such as weight and tire style can also make a noticeable difference in performance. It is important to properly maintain and adjust the electric scooter to optimize its dynamic balance and overall performance. By understanding these factors and making informed decisions about the selection and maintenance of an electric scooter, riders can ensure a safe and enjoyable experience while maximizing their speed and performance.